1. What is infertility?

According to World Health Organization, infertility is defined by the

failure to achieve clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular

unprotected sexual intercourse.

2. Is infertility a common problem?

Yes. Although Malaysia does not have an official infertility rate statistic,

the national fertility rate this year is expected to decline to the lowest

level recorded in history with 15.8 births per 1,000 people compared to

16.1 in 2017.

3. Is infertility just a women’s problem?

No. Both men and women can contribute to infertility.

4. What causes infertility in men?

It can be caused by different factors such as the disruption of testicular

or ejaculatory function, hormonal disorders or genetic disorders.

5. What causes infertility in women?

Any conditions affecting the woman’s ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus

may contribute to female infertility.

6. How will doctors find out if a woman and her partner have fertility


Doctors will determine whether they have any fertility problems through

an initial evaluation which includes a thorough medical history review,

physical examination, pelvic ultrasound scans, and blood tests.

7. How do doctors treat infertility?

It can be treated with medicine, surgery, intrauterine insemination (IUI),

or any assisted reproductive technology (ART).